Candidates who want to apply for the posts of IMA, INA, OTA, and AFA CDS 2022 exam must meet the CDS eligibility criteria.
UPSC conducts the CDS Exam (Combined Defence Services) two times a year. Candidates must meet a variety of eligibility criteria, including nationality, educational attainment, age, marital status, and physical fitness. It will be held on April 10th, 2022, and the official recruitment notification was released on December 22nd, 2021. Both men and women are now eligible to take the CDS exam. We’ll go over CDS eligibility for both female and male candidates.
However, their exam results will not allow them to join the Indian Army, Navy, or Air Force. CDS is only for female candidates interested in joining the OTA (Officers Training Program). This post discusses important CDS requirements for both female and male candidates. To learn about the UPSC CDS eligibility criteria, interested candidates should read the entire post.
341 CDS vacancies are open to both men and women. Before applying for the CDS Exam, aspirants should take note of the following important points.
- Candidates must be permanently based in India.
- The minimum age requirement is 19.
- Candidates must meet certain physical requirements.
- Candidates must have completed their studies or be in their final year/semester.
- Divorced women must be problem-free.
- B.Tech graduates are also eligible to apply for IMA and INA AFA.
- Only women are eligible to apply for the OTA.
Criteria for CDS Eligibility: Nationality
To be considered for the positions, applicants must meet the nationality requirements listed below. The following are the UPSC CDS eligibility requirements:
The following are the UPSC CDS eligibility requirements:
(i) an Indian citizen, or
(ii) a subject of Nepal, or
(iii) a subject of Bhutan, or
(iv) a Tibetan refugee who arrived in India before January 1, 1962, with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
(v) a person of Indian origin who has permanently relocated to India from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and the East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or Vietnam.
Note: Candidates in sections ii, iii, iv, & v should present a valid eligibility certificate issued by the Indian government to the hiring authority. Gorkhas subjected to Nepal do not require an eligibility certificate.
Eligibility Criteria for CDS: Maximum Age and Marital Status
Female applicants could only apply for OTA, according to CDS guidelines, whereas male candidates can apply for any CDS Evaluation post as long as it satisfies the other eligibility requirements. The age restriction and required marital status are listed below.
|Academy||Marital Status||CDS Age Limit|
|Indian Military Academy (IMA)||Unmarried||19 – 24 Years|
|Officers’ Training Academy (SSC Course for Men)||Unmarried||19 – 25 Years|
|Indian Naval Academy (INA)||Unmarried||19 – 22 Years|
|Officers’ Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical Course)||Women who have never married, issueless widows who have not remarried, and issueless divorcees who have not remarried are all eligible.||19 – 25 Years|
|Air Force Academy||<25 years unmarried/>25 years both married and unmarried.||19 – 23 Years|
CDS Age Limit Criteria
It is critical for candidates to meet the UPSC CDS eligibility criteria in order to sit for the exam. Before completing the application form, candidates must focus on meeting all of the criteria. For the exam, we’ve included the CDS age limit of 2022. So, before you begin your preparations, make sure you meet the CDS age requirement for both female and male aspirants.
CDS IMA & INA Age Limit
For IMA and INA, only male applicants are qualified to apply. Keep a look on the CDS eligibility requirements, such as the minimum age and marital status.
|Age for CDS ICDS IMA & INA Age Limit||Marital Status|
|The candidate must have been born between July 1, 2003, and July 2, 1998.||Unmarried|
IAFA Age Limit for CDS
IAFA is only open to male applicants. Get in contact with the CDS age limit criteria that have been established by the appropriate government agencies. Check the required marriage status to be able to qualify.
|Age for CDS IAFA||Marital Status|
|The candidate’s age should be between 20 and 24 years old on July 1, 2022. (That is, the candidate must have been born no afterward than July 2, 2003, and no previously than July 2, 1998)|
Applicants who hold a justified and existing commercial pilot licence issued by the DGCA (India) are eligible for a 26-year age relaxation. (That is, the candidate must have been born between July 1, 2002, and July 2, 1996.)
|Candidates who are younger than 25 years old must be single.|
Additionally, candidates will not be expected to marry during the training phase.
Candidates over the age of 25 who are married may apply, but no accommodation for a partner will be offered during training, and candidates will not be permitted to live with family outside the venue.
CDS Age Limit for OTA
The following are the CDS age restriction criteria for OTA positions. Females who meet the eligibility requirements and want to pursue a career in this field could apply for non-technical positions. Before preparing for the exam, go over the illustrated CDS qualifications for females and males and make sure you meet the requirements.
SSC Course for Men
The table below depicts the relevant information of the UPSC CDS eligibility criteria for male applicants interested in pursuing careers in this position.
|CDS OTA Age for Male||Marital Status|
|The candidate must have been born between the 1st of July 2003 and the 2nd of July 1997.||Unmarried|
For SSC Women Non-Technical Course
This is a non-technical domain where interested females who meet the following criteria can begin making plans to realise their dreams. Take a look at the table below for the CDS eligibility for females.
|CDS OTA Age for Female||Marital Status|
|The candidate must have been born between the 1st of January 2003 and the 2nd of January 1997.||Widows who have not remarried|
Divorced people who haven’t remarried and have divorce papers
Points to Remember
- Male Candidates who are divorced or widowed will not be considered unmarried. As a result, they will never be taken into account for the CDS Exam.
- UPSC will accept the date of birth on the Matriculation/Secondary School Examination Certificate, or a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or any equivalent examination certificate.
- Horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from the Municipal Corporation, service records, and other documents relating to age will not be accepted.
- Afterwards, no change in date of birth will be permitted for any reason.
- If the date of birth entered in the application form does not match a valid certificate during the verification process and at any stage of the exam, the Commission will take disciplinary action against the candidate in accordance with the rules.
Educational Qualifications: CDS Eligibility Criteria
As previously stated, candidates taking the CDS 2022 test must have finished their graduation or at the very least be taking the degree’s final exam. It’s important to keep in mind that CDS admit cards are only given out to candidates who meet all of the requirements.
The following are some important guidelines for applicants to follow: they must have the degrees listed below.
- Candidates who choose the Army, Navy, or Air Force as their first option must bring their diploma to the SSB interview.
- Applicants in their final year of school may apply if they have no outstanding debts; however, they must present a valid university degree at the start of the course.
The CDS educational eligibility requirements are listed in the table below. Take a look at the table to get a better understanding of the CDS educational requirements for various positions.
|IMA (Indian Military Academy) & OTA (Officers’ Training Academy)||A degree from a reputable university or an equivalent qualification|
|IAFA (Indian Air Force Academy)||Bachelor of Engineering or a recognised university degree (with 10+2 math and physics)|
|INA (Indian Naval Academy)||Degree in Engineering from a recognized university/ institute|
Eligibility Criteria for CDS: Male and Female Physical Standards
According to the UPCS guidelines, applicants must be physically and mentally strong. On medical grounds, a large number of qualified applicants are disqualified. Candidates are strongly advised to have a medical examination before applying for the CDS Exam. The following are the most common reasons for disqualification.
- Deviated Nasal Septum
- Wax (ears)
Note: Permanent body tattoos are explicitly forbidden on all body parts with the exception of the inner face of the forearm (from the inside of the elbow to the wrist) and the back (dorsal) side of the hand. Candidates with tribal tattoos on their faces or bodies, as per their existing traditions and customs, will be allowed in some cases.
CDS Heights and Weight Standards
- Male applicants must be at least 157.5 cm tall to be considered. (157 cms for the Navy, 162.5 cms for the Air Force), and 152 cms for female applicants.
- The standard minimum height for Gorkhas and people from the hills of India’s north-eastern region, such as Garhwali and Kumaon, will be 5 cm lower. The standard minimum height for candidates from Lakshadweep can be reduced by 2 cm.
- The BMI should be less than 25.
- Males should have a waist-to-hip ratio of less than 0.9, while females should have a ratio of less than 0.8.
- Males’ waist circumference should be less than 90 cm, while females’ should be less than 80 cm.
- All biochemical and metabolic parameters should be normal.
Army and Navy Height and Weight by Age (Male Candidates)
The standards listed below apply to male applicants interested in serving in The army or Navy.
|Height in Centimetres (Without Shoes)||weight|
|Age||22 years||20 years||18 years||24 years|
(*45 for Navy ** 47 for Navy )
- A deviation of 10% (for Navy) from the average weight given in the table above is considered normal. This may be relaxed to some extent in individuals with heavy bones and a broad build, as well as individuals who are thin but otherwise healthy.
Air Force Height and Weights by Age (Male Candidates)
For Air Force candidates, a weight of ±10% of the average will be acceptable. (For the FAT percent (<20) of Normal People.)
|Height (mm)||Weight (Kgs)|
|Age||15- 17 years||28-32 years||18-22 years||43-47 years||33-37 years||38-42 years||23-27 years||>48 years|
Female Candidates’ CDS Height and Weight Standards
The following are the age-specific height and weight qualifications for female OTA candidates.
|Height in Centimetres (Without shoes)||Weights (Kgs)|
|age||20 years||18 years||30 years|
Other Physical Standards for CDS Eligibility
Candidates must meet several physical criteria in addition to their heights and weight ratios to demonstrate their physical fitness:
For all academies, UPSC has established three types of visual standards:
For IMA and OTA
- Myopia – < -3.50 D Sph ( including max astigmatism ≤ +/- 2.0 D Cyl)
- Hypermetropia – <+3.50 dSph ( including max astigmatism ≤ +/- 2.0 D Cyl)
- BCVA – Rt 6/6 & Lt 6/6
- Uncorrected vision(max allowed) – 6/60 &6/60
- Colour perception: CP II
- Lasik/equivalent surgery – Permitted
|Myopia of not more than minus 3.5 D||Myopia of not more than minus 5.5 D|
|Vision (corrected) better eye 6/6 and worse eye 6/12||Vision(corrected) better eye 6/6, worse eye 6/12|
|Manifest hypermetropia, including astigmatism, should be less than plus 3.5 D.||Manifest hypermetropia, including astigmatism, should be less than plus 3.5 D.|
For Naval Candidates
- Limits of Myopia: -1.5D
- Limits of Hypermetropia : +1.5D
- Corrected with glasses: 6/6, 6/6
- Uncorrected without glasses: 6/12, 6/12
- Binocular Vision: III
- Limits of Colour Perception: I
For Air Force
Candidates who wear glasses on a regular basis are not eligible for the Air Force. Minimum distant vision is 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in the other, both of which can be corrected to 6/6 only.
Hypermetropia Colour Vision CP-1
- Manifest Myopia: Nil
- Retinoscopic Myopia- 0.5 in any meridian
- Hypermetropia: +2.0 d Sph
- Astigmatism : +0.75 D Cyl (with + 2.0 D- Max)
Maddox Rod Test
- at 6 meters:
- Hyper-1 prism D
- Exo-6 prism D
- Eso-6 prism D
- Hypo-1prism D
- at 33 cms:
- Hyper-1 prism D
- Exo-16 prism D
- Hypo-1 prism D
- Eso-6 prism D
* Lasik/equivalent surgery
Candidates who have had kerato-refractive procedures must present a certificate or operative notes from the medical centre detailing the date, type of surgery, and procedure. To be considered fit, candidates must also meet the following criteria.
- At the time of surgery, the patient was over the age of 20.
- Minimum of 12 months after LASIK surgery
- corneal thickness in the centre equal to or greater than 450
- IOL Master’s axial length is equal to or less than 26 mm.
- incl. cylinder, residual refraction of less than or equal to +/-1.0 D (provided acceptable in the category applied for).
- A retina in good health.
- Additional criteria such as corneal topography and ectasia markers can be added.
Hearing Standards for Air Force
- Speech test: Free Field hearing loss is a reason for refusal in the speech test. Any CV/FW reduction of less than 600 cm is unacceptable.
- Audiometric Loss: In frequencies between 250 and 8000 Hz, audiometric loss should not exceed 20 dB. An isolated unilateral hearing loss of up to 30 decibels may be tolerated on the advice of an ENT specialist if the ENT examination is otherwise normal.
- Even if the mastoid is completely epithelialized and good hearing is preserved, a radical/modified radical mastoidectomy results in rejection. Previously performed cortical mastoidectomy with the tympanic membrane intact, normal hearing, and no signs of disease may be accepted.
- Chronic otitis externa with exostoses or excessively narrow meat will be rejected. Exaggerated canal tortuosity that obscures the tympanic membrane’s anterior view will result in rejection.
- Twelve weeks after surgery, tympanoplasty Type I is acceptable if the ear clearance test in the altitude chamber is normal. The following conditions in the middle ear will result in rejection:-
- Perforation in the attic, central, or peripheral.
- Scar on the tympanic membrane with significant retraction.
- Type II and later tympanoplasty, but not type I.
- If calcareous plaques occupy more than 1/3 of the pars tensa, it is called tympanosclerosis.
- Infected middle ear.
- In the external auditory canal, there is granulation or a polyp.
- Stapedectomy surgery.
- Vestibular dysfunction, including vestibular nystagmus.
- Meniere’s syndrome
- Following an ear infection, Bell’s palsy develops.
Spinal Conditions for Air Force
Past medical background of diseases or injuries to the spine or sacroiliac joints, with or without objective signs, that have prevented the candidate from leading a physically active life is a reason for rejection for commissioning in the IAF. Rejection is likely if you have a history of spinal fractures or a prolapsed intervertebral disc, as well as surgical treatment for these conditions. A applicant for Air Force service will be disqualified if the following conditions are discovered during the medical examination.
- The granulomatous disease of the spine
- Miscellaneous disorders including SLE, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, vasculitis.
- Spondylolisthesis/ spondylolysis/ spondylosis
- Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis, and degenerative joint diseases
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders
- Non-articular rheumatism (e.g. lesions of the rotator cuff, tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago, etc.)
- Compression fracture of vertebrae
- Scheuermann’s disease (Adolescent Kyphosis)
- When there is a loss of cervical lordosis, there are clinically limited cervical spine movements.
- Cervical ribs on Unilateral/bilateral sides of the neck with a demonstrable neurological or circulatory deficit.
Prospective candidates are expected to keep good physical health by following the routine outlined below.
- Running: 2 to 4 km in 15 minutes
- Chin-ups: Min. 8
- Rope Climbing: 3 to 4 meters
- Pushups & Sit-ups: Minimum 20 each
Dental standards and difficulties for CDS candidates include the following:
- Jaw pathology that is in the early stages and is known to be progressive or recurrent.
- Significant jaw discrepancies between the upper and lower jaws may obstruct effective mastication and/or speech, resulting in rejection.
- The clicking and tenderness of a symptomatic Temporo-Mandibular Joint are subject to rejection.
- Dislocation of the TMJ when the mouth opens wider than 30 mm measured at the incisal edges.
- All cancerous conditions are possible.
- Clinical diagnosis of submucous fibrosis with or without mouth opening restriction.
- Gross visible calculus, periodontal pockets, and/or gum bleeding are all signs of poor oral health.
- loose Tooth: If the candidate has more than two loose teeth, they will be deemed unfit.
- For at least 24 weeks after cosmetic or post-traumatic maxillofacial surgery/trauma, whichever comes first, you will be unfit.
- If malocclusion of teeth is interfering with efficient mastication, oral hygiene, general nutrition, or the efficient performance of duties.
Candidates who have any of the following medical conditions will be rejected despite meeting all other eligibility requirements.
Tuberculosis, or evidence of tuberculosis, lungs, heart, and chest wall musculoskeletal lesions
Abdomen and Genitor-urinary System: Problems such as
- Gall bladder stones
- renal and ureteric stones
- solitary kidney
- urogenital organ lesions/deformities
- undescended testis
- horseshoe kidney, and cysts in the kidney/liver
- Tremors, speech impediments, and imbalance are all prohibited.
- Vitiligo, haemangiomas, warts, corns, dermatitis, and skin infections are examples of skin problems.
- Hyperhidrosis and growths are not permitted.
Other Important Facts
The following conditions discovered during an X-ray examination will disqualify you from joining the Army or Navy.
- Any other abnormality, if so considered by specialist
- Spina Bifida is other than SV 1 and LV 5.
- Scoliosis more than 100 degrees as measured by Cobb’s method.
- More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis.
- Incomplete Sacralisation Unilateral or Bilateral.
- Herniated nucleus pulposus.
- Presence of Schmorl’s node at more than one level.
- Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit.
- The granulomatous disease of the spine.
- Atlanto-occipital and atlantoaxial anomalies.
- Compression fracture of Vertebra.
- Arthritis – Rheumatoid arthritis & allied disorders and ankylosing spondylitis
- Sacralisation Disease.
The following ocular diseases will make a candidate unfit :
- Night blindness.
- Corneal Opacity.
- Lenticular opacity.
- Naso-Lacrimal occlusion.
- Retinal lesions.
General Guidelines of Medical Standards
Candidates must be physically and mentally healthy to be considered “Medically Fit.” They must also be disease-free. Medical standards for IMA, INA, AFA, and OTA are outlined in the following paragraphs:
- The candidate should also be free of any medical conditions that would require them to visit a doctor or use any kind of aid or drug.
- There should be no evidence of a weak constitution, a system’s incomplete development, congenital deformities/ diseases/ syndromes, or malformation.
- There will be no swelling anywhere on the body, including tumours, cysts, or swollen lymph nodes.
- Good health will be defined as having no sinuses or fistulas anywhere on the body.
- There is no hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation, nor is there any other skin disease, syndrome, or disability.
- There are no hernias in any part of the body.
- There are no scars that can cause significant disfigurement and impair functioning.
- There are no arteriovenous malformations in or on the body.
- No asymmetry, deformity from fracture or depression of the bones of the skull; or scars indicating old operative interference and malformation such as sinuses and fistulae, etc. No malformation of the head and face, including asymmetry, deformity from fracture or depression of the bones of the skull; or scar
- Color perception and field of vision are both unaffected.
- In-ears vestibule-cochlear system deformities/disabilities
- There is no etiology-related speech impediment.
- There is no disease, disability, congenital anomaly, or syndrome affecting the bones or cartilages of the nose or palate, nasal polyps, or disease affecting the nasopharynx, uvula, or accessory sinuses. No nasal deformity or chronic tonsillitis symptoms should be present.
- There is no disease, syndrome, or disability affecting the throat, palate, tonsils, or gums, nor is there any disease or injury affecting the normal function of either mandibular joint.
- There are no diseases/syndromes/disabilities of the heart and blood vessels, including congenital, genetic, organic (including hypertension and conduction disorders), or conduction disorders.
- There is no evidence of pulmonary tuberculosis or any other chronic disease of the lungs and chest, including allergies/immunological conditions, connective tissue disorders, or musculoskeletal deformities of the chest.
- Endocrine, congenital, hereditary, or genetic diseases/syndromes and disabilities are not included.
- There are no endocrine or reticuloendothelial diseases, syndromes, or disabilities.
- There are no genito-urinary system diseases, syndromes, or disabilities, such as malformations, atrophy/hypertrophy of any organ or gland.
- There are no active, latent, or congenital venereal diseases present.
- No mental illness, epilepsy, urinary incontinence, or enuresis in the past or present.
- The musculoskeletal system and joints, including the skull, spine, and limbs, are free of disease, deformity, or syndrome.
- There are no diseases, syndromes, or disabilities that are congenital or hereditary.
Before applying for any of the positions under the CDS 2022 Examination, it is recommended that all candidates have themselves inspected by a professional physician in accordance with CDS physical and medical standards.
CDS Eligibility Criteria 2022: FAQs
Yes, you can apply for the exam and be treated like any other candidate if you meet all of the CDS eligibility requirements.
The CDS age limit varies depending on the position for which candidates are applying. It is critical for applicants to meet the requirements before applying for the exam; otherwise, their application may be cancelled at a later date. Check the age limit criteria for various CDS positions listed below.
For OTA: 19 – 25 yrs
For AFA: 19 – 24 yrs
For INA: 19 – 24 yrs
Yes, you can apply for CDS as a final-year student if you graduate before the exam application process begins. To be considered for the position, proof of degree qualification must also be submitted.
CDS is a graduation-level exam, so it cannot be applied for after 12th grade.
There is no limit to the number of attempts if you are in the CDS required age group. Applicants can sit for the exam until they reach the CDS upper age limit.
Females are eligible to apply for non-technical positions, according to the Central Defence Academy’s eligibility criteria. Females must be born after the 1st of January and before the 2nd of January 1997 to be eligible for the CDS. To be eligible for the positions, they must be single, widows who haven’t married, or divorcees who haven’t remarried.
You do not meet the eligibility requirements. Candidates between the ages of 19 and 24 are eligible for the AFA position, according to the CDS age limit criteria. You have reached the maximum age limit.
Yes, as stated in the CDS exam eligibility criteria, women candidates are eligible for the exam for Officer’s Training and non-technical positions. Before filling out the form and beginning the preparation, a female candidate who wishes to pursue a career in this stream must meet the other CDS eligibility criteria.